Practicing a good oral hygiene routine and getting regular general dental care will keep dental problems from getting out of hand in most cases. Periodic professional cleanings will keep plaque and tartar from building up on your teeth and causing problems. When proper dental care is not available or is neglected, the buildup can cause gum disease. In the beginning stages, gum disease is easily treated and healing does not take long.
If not addressed, gum disease progresses into periodontal disease and begins to affect the bone structure surrounding the teeth. This leads to serious oral and general health issues. There are various treatments for periodontal disease. The extent of the disease will dictate which type of treatment is used. Your hygienist or dentist will explain what treatment will be most effective for your situation.
Gum Infection Treatment
Red, swollen gums usually indicate an infection. If the degree of the infection warrants it, you will be given a prescription for antibiotics to bring it under control. There are both surgical and non-surgical procedures used in the treatment of advanced gum disease. One of the first steps in the treatment of periodontal disease is removal of the plaque and tartar buildup and a thorough cleaning of the teeth.
Scaling and Root Planing
The hygienist uses special hand instruments or an ultrasonic scaler to remove the tartar buildup from all the teeth. This is usually a painless process; however, some patients may feel some discomfort. In such cases, anesthetics may be administered to make the patient more comfortable. Once the tartar has been removed, the roots of the teeth are smoothed by planing. The surface of the roots needs to be smooth in order for the gums to reattach to the tooth.
Periodontal therapy also requires dedicated home care to ensure that the gums heal properly. You will be instructed on how to care for your gums and you may have subsequent appointments for further treatment if your condition is severe. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment for you or a member of your family.